Week119

[Lifestyle ★] Man has many Barbies

[Food and Culture ★] Squid and Chips

[Business ★★] Coffee Heats up Homes

[Entertainment ★★] 5 fun facts about Youtube

[Culture ★★] 1.2 million people accept birthday party invitation

[Jobs, Training, ★★★] JetBlue To Test Ab Initio Training Program

[Jobs, Travel ★★★] New Flight Plan Format to Take Effect in January

[Jobs, Travel ★★★] High-Altitude Flying: What You Need to Know

[Technology, Travel, Lifestyle ★★★★] Find Love in the Skies With This New Dating App

[Health ★★★★] 10 tips to healthy eating

 

1.2 million people accept birthday party invitation

[Culture ★★]

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(P1) A father invited his family and friends to his daughter Rubi’s 15th birthday party. His Facebook post went viral and 1.2 million people said they would come. He said they could all come. Everybody was invited. Many people might go to the party so there will be a lot of police officers.

(P2) A 15th birthday is important for a girl in Mexico. She has a party with many guests. She wears a beautiful dress and makeup. At Rubi’s party, there will be music bands and a horse race. There is a joke online. It shows Donald Trump and Mexico’s president saying Mexican migrants in the USA can go to Rubi’s party.

WORDS: 111

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1612/161209-birthday-party-0.html

VOCABULARY: viral, makeup, horse race, joke, migrants

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. How are birthdays celebrated in your country?
  3. Are there any special ages for birthdays in your country?
  4. Do you like birthday parties? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many people said they would go to the birthday party?
  2. Because a lot of people might go to the party, _______________ will be there for security.
  3. Turning 15 is a special age for young Mexican female teenagers. (T or F)
  4. What does a girl in Mexico wear to her 15th birthday party?
  5. There won’t be music at the party. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • said they would come (P1)
  • could all come (P1)
  • might go (P1)
  • music bands (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/f5/c9/c5/f5c9c5a88ef24429f4dd1b482f7ca9cb.jpg

Coffee Heats up Homes

[Business ★★]

coffegrounds

(P1) Around 200,000 tons of used coffee end up in London’s landfills a year. A young man named Arthur Key, however, knows how to make use of the coffee grounds.

(P2) First, his factory takes out the oils from the used coffee grounds. The oils are basically biodiesel, which smells of coffee. The coffee grounds without the oils are then turned into little logs.

(P3) You can use these logs instead of wood in your fireplace. 25 cups of coffee make one log. The coffee logs burn hotter and longer than wood.

(P4) Key’s factory produces 50,000 tons of the logs a year. That is enough to heat hundreds of thousands of homes.

WORDS: 109

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/coffee-heats-up-homes-level-2/

VOCABULARY: tons, landfills, oils, biodiesel, logs, fireplace, factory

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you use these coffee logs to heat your home? Why or why not?
  3. What are some other things that can be used again (recycled)? (I.E. newspapers)
  4. How do you heat and cool your home?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Annually, approximately _________________ of used coffee grounds end up in landfills in London.
  2. What’s the name of the businessman that reuses the coffee grounds?
  3. The coffee grounds without the oils are _____________ logs.
  4. How many cups of coffee does it take to make one log?
  5. How many houses can be heated with Key’s logs per year?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • used coffee (P1)
  • end up (P1)
  • takes out the oil (P2)
  • turned into (P2)
  • make one log (P3)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://minimalessentials.com/coffee-grounds-trash-or-treasure/

Squid and Chips

[Food and Culture ★]

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(P1) Fish and chips is a famous dish in England. Two types of fish are used in the dish. The problem is that there are not enough of these fish. There is less fish in the sea. This is because the sea is getting too warm for these fish.

(P2) If there are not enough fish, the dish will be in danger. Scientists say that squid must replace the fish. Squid numbers are growing fast in the seas around Britain.

WORDS: 78

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/squid-and-chips-level-2/

VOCABULARY: dish, problem, warm, danger, squid, replace

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever tried fish and chips? If so, did you like it? If no, would you try it?
  3. What are some dishes in your country?
  4. What is your favorite dish to eat?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Where is the dish famous?
  2. How many types of fish are used?
  3. The fish don’t like __________ water.
  4. Who said that squid must replace fish?
  5. There is enough squid in the seas near Britain. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • two types (P1)
  • not enough of these fish (P1)
  • too warm (P1)
  • in the seas (P2)

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Image source: By kariwil, Public domain, https://pixabay.com/cs/ryby-ve%C4%8De%C5%99e-%C4%8Dipy-ryba-a-hranolky-1684828/

Man has many Barbies

[Lifestyle ★]

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(P1) A man has many Barbie dolls. He is from Singapore. His collection is very big.

(P2) There are 6,000 Barbie dolls in his collection. The man has a favorite doll. It is his first Barbie. This Barbie is old. It is from the year of 1984.

(P3) The man’s hobby is expensive. Barbies cost a lot of money. The most expensive Barbie is $3,600.

WORDS: 62

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/man-has-many-barbies-level-1/

VOCABULARY: dolls, collection, favorite, hobby, expensive

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What things do people in your country collect?
  3. Would you pay $3,600 for a Barbie doll? Why or why not?
  4. Are Barbie dolls popular in your country?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Where is the man from?
  2. How many dolls does the man have?
  3. Which Barbie doll does he like to most?
  4. barbie dolls don’t cost a lot. (T or F)
  5. How much did the man pay for the most expensive doll?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • very big (P1)
  • in his collection (P2)
  • first barbie (P2)
  • cost a lot of money (P3)

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Image source: By Alexas_Fotos, Public domain, https://pixabay.com/cs/kr%C3%A1sa-barbie-p%C4%9Bkn%C3%BD-panenka-1265593/

10 tips to healthy eating

[Health ★★★★]

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1. Eat a Variety of Foods

You need more than 40 different nutrients for good health and no single food can supply them all. Today’s food supply makes it easy to eat a wide variety of foods whether or not you are buying fresh foods to cook, taking advantage of ready-prepared dishes and meals, or buying “take-away” foods. Balance your choice over time! If you have a high-fat lunch, have a low-fat dinner. If you eat a large serving of meat at dinner one day, perhaps choose fish the next day.

2. Base your diet on plenty of foods rich in carbohydrates

Most people do not eat enough of foods such as bread, pasta, rice, other cereals, and potatoes. More than half the calories in your diet should come from these foods. Try whole grain bread, pasta, and other whole grain cereals, too, to increase your fiber intake.

3. Enjoy plenty of fruits and vegetables

Most of us do not eat enough of these foods either although they provide important protective nutrients. Try to eat at least five servings a day and if you do not enjoy them at first, try some new recipes or see what ready prepared dishes are available in the supermarket.

4. Maintain a healthy body weight and feel good

The weight that is right for you depends on many factors including your sex, height, age and heredity. Being overweight increases your risk of a wide range of diseases including heart disease and cancer. Excess body fat results when you eat more calories than you need. These extra calories can come from any caloric nutrient like protein, fat, carbohydrate or alcohol, but fat is the most concentrated source of calories. Physical activity is a good way of increasing the energy (calories) you expend each day and it can make you feel good. The message is simple: if you are gaining weight, you need to eat less and be more active.

5. Eat moderate portions

If you keep portion sizes reasonable, it’s easier to eat all the foods you enjoy without having to eliminate any. For example, some reasonable serving sizes are 100g of meat, one medium piece of fruit, half a cup of raw pasta and 50ml of ice-cream. Ready-prepared meals can offer a handy means of portion control and they often have the calorie values on the pack to help those who are counting. If you are eating out, you could share a portion with a friend.

6. Eat regularly

Skipping meals, especially breakfast, can lead to out-of-control hunger, often resulting in helpless overeating. Snacking between meals can help curb hunger, but don’t eat so much as to substitute for proper meals. Don’t forget to count your snacks as part of your total calorie intake.

7. Drink plenty of fluids

Adults need to drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid a day! Or more if it’s very hot or they are physically active. Plain tap water is obviously a good source of liquid but variety can be both pleasant and healthy. Alternative choices are juices, soft drinks, tea, coffee, milk etc.

8. Get on the move

As we have seen, too many calories and not enough activity can result in weight gain. Moderately physical activity helps burn off those extra calories. It is also good for the heart and circulatory system and for general health and well-being. So, make physical activity part of your daily routine. Use the stairs instead of the elevator (up and down!). Go for a walk in your lunch break. You don’t have to be an athlete to get on the move!

9. Start now!

Gradual changes in your lifestyle are much easier to make than major changes all at once. For three days, write down the foods and drinks you consume at meals and as snacks – Do you have too few fruits and or portions of vegetables? To start with, try to eat just one extra piece of fruit and vegetables a day. Are your favorite foods high in fat and making you gain weight? Don’t eliminate those foods and feel miserable, but try to choose low-fat options or eat smaller portions. And start using the stairs at work!

10. It’s all about balance

There are no ‘good’ or ‘bad’ foods, only good or bad diets. Don’t feel guilty about the foods you love, rather eat them in moderation and choose other foods to provide the balance and variety that are vital to good health.

WORDS: 745

SOURCE: http://www.eufic.org/article/en/expid/10-tips-healthy-eating/

VOCABULARY: carbohydrates, intake, heredity, miserable, moderation

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. How many of the 10 tips do you actually do?
  3. Do the schools in your country provide healthy meals to their students?
  4. In your opinion, why do people like to overeat and eat unhealthy food?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Most individuals eat way too many foods loaded with carbohydrates. (T or F)
  2. You hunger can increase if you __________ meals, especially ____________.
  3. Drinking fluids are important, but only consider water, juice, and tea in your diet. (T or F)
  4. An alternative to using an elevator is the ___________.
  5. Junk food should be avoided altogether. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • “take away” foods (#1)
  • the weight that is right for you (#4)
  • help curb hunger (#6)
  • plain tap water (#7)
  • burn off (#8)

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Image source: by “unknown” Credit: wordpress.com https://healthyripple.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/screen-shot-2014-11-29-at-2-21-07-pm.png

Find Love in the Skies With This New Dating App

[Technology, Travel, Lifestyle ★★★]

airdates-home-page

(P1) Whether you’re a passenger prone to making eyes across the aisle or just thinking about the mile high club every time you board a plane, singles have more fun in the skies. And now there’s a new dating app specifically designed to make flights an opportunity to meet new people.

(P2) AirDates, which bills itself as “the only in-flight dating app,” strives to make air travel an opportunity to find love, before, during, and after a flight.

(P3) Users start by building a profile and spell out exactly what (business, social, party, dating) and whom (age, gender, sexuality, location) they’re looking for. Then users are suggested to update their status and let everybody around know their travel plans.

(P4) Before taking off, users can share their itineraries and find travelers that are going to be on the same flight. The app can also be used to find other singles hanging out in the same airport at the same time.

(P5) And while in the air, travelers can open their app and connect with other singles onboard. The app uses WeChat technology (turn on airplane mode, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth) to connect without using data or relying on spotty plane Wi-Fi.  However, the chat feature only works up to 70 meters (230 feet), so those looking to connect with everyone possible on the flight should probably book a seat in the middle of the plane.

(P6) But the app is also practical. For those who travel too frequently to ever use the app to find a relationship, AirDates’s website points out that you can chat with nearby users to share a cab into the city, find out what’s cool a destination, or even uncover secret frequent traveler’s airport hacks.

(P7) The app is currently in beta on iOS but, according to Mashable, will be more widely distributed and updated by February 2017.

WORDS: 302

SOURCE: http://www.travelandleisure.com/travel-tips/mobile-apps/in-flight-dating-app

VOCABULARY: prone, strives, spell out, onboard, spotty, hacks

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you use this app to find love in the air? Why or why not?
  3. Do people in your country use dating websites? If so, which ones?
  4. Do you think it’s possible to find the love of your life in an airport or onboard a plane? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Airdates claims it’s the only _________________________.
  2. Users of the app should give out their travel arrangements to find other people. (T or F)
  3. Airdates doesn’t use another app’s technology to connect people on flights. (T or F)
  4. It’s best to reserve a seat in the _______________ of the airplane because the maximum distance of the technology is limited.
  5. When will the live version of the app be available to some of the public?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • to making eyes across the aisle (P1)
  • to find other singles (P4)
  • what’s a cool destination (P6)
  • widely distributed (P7)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://donthatethegeek.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/airdates-home-page-660×330.png

High-Altitude Flying: What You Need to Know

[Jobs, Travel ★★★]

high_altitude_flying

(P1) The pilots of a Learjet 36 cruising high over Cleveland Center’s airspace are fighting a desperate battle for survival, but they don’t realize it. Suffering the effects of extreme hypoxia in the thin air at 32,000 feet, the copilot is passed out. The captain in the left seat is barely hanging on. Most chilling about the ATC recording of the 2006 incident is that the crew in all probability survived only by a chance of fate. The copilot, slumped unconscious with his arms swinging uncontrollably, continuously keys the microphone, alerting the Cleveland Center controller on duty that something is wrong.

(P2) When the controller queried the Learjet, the barely conscious captain sounded extremely drunk. By then the copilot’s convulsions had nudged the control lever, disconnecting the autopilot and initiating a climb. The captain, dimly aware of a problem but not aware of the urgent need to don his oxygen mask, declared an emergency.

“Unable to maintain altitude. Unable to maintain airspeed. Unable to maintain heading,” the pilot radios in slow, stuttered speech. “Other than that,” he wrongly adds, “everything A-OK.”

(P3) It was a second controller on duty who heard the exchange and recognized the symptoms of hypoxia. She instructed her colleague to tell the Learjet to descend immediately. Upon reaching a more oxygen-rich altitude of 11,000 feet, the pilots are suddenly both fully alert.

(P4) No amount of hypoxia awareness training can ensure you won’t succumb to the effects of a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream. The speed of hypoxia onset varies by individual. At 45,000 feet in a rapid decompression, on average you will have less than 12 seconds to respond.

(P5) Hypoxia Symptoms

The following is a partial list of potential signs and symptoms associated with a lack of oxygen concentration in the blood. Specific symptoms will vary by individual, making high-altitude physiology training a good idea for pilots who will travel into the flight levels.

  • Increased breathing rate
  • Increased heart rate
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Drowsiness
  • Blue lips and fingernails
  • Poor coordination
  • Impaired judgment
  • Loss of consciousness

WORDS: 339

SOURCE: http://www.flyingmag.com/high-altitude-flying-what-you-need-to-know

VOCABULARY: hypoxia, queried, convulsions, stuttered, succumb, decompression

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think it’s important for pilots to be highly trained and retrained?
  3. Do you think the pilot and copilot are lucky to be alive? Why?
  4. Have you ever experienced any of the hypoxia symptoms for other reasons? If so, describe a time you did.

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How high in altitude were the pilots of the Learjet 36?
  2. According to the article, both the pilot and copilot were unconscious for a short period of time. (T or F)
  3. Even though the pilot was barely hanging on and not able to put on his oxygen mask, he was still able to __________________________.
  4. No matter what, every person experiences symptoms of hypoxia at the same rate of time. (T or F)
  5. One of the many symptoms of hypoxia is sleepiness. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • passed out (P1)
  • barely hanging on (P1)
  • don his oxygen mask (2)
  • oxygen-rich (P3)
  • hypoxia onset (P4)

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Image source: Getty Images by “unknown” http://www.flyingmag.com/sites/flyingmag.com/files/styles/medium_1x_/public/high_altitude_flying.jpg?itok=Gxz9SmzJ

JetBlue To Test Ab Initio Training Program

[Jobs, Training ★★★]

jetblue-big

(P1) JetBlue Airways is considering a new training program to get pilots ready for the copilot and captain’s seats. The program would take pilot candidates with no previous experience and train them to become competent airline pilots. Rather than training in smaller, cost-effecting airplanes, most of the flight training would focus on airline-related tasks, such as emergency decision-making, coordinating crews, and simulator training.

(P2) Under the current rules, the pilots would still need to reach the required 1,500 hours before they could fly airplanes carrying passengers.

(P3) The program has been named Gateway 7 and is slated to start next year. Only a small number of pilot candidates, who would go through a rigorous screening process, would be accepted into the test program. After going through a JetBlue ground school, the candidates would go to a partner company for flight training. Pilot candidates would pay for their own training and, if successful, would be qualified to join the airline in 2020. The FAA is currently evaluating the program.

(P4) The trial program would train pilots slated to fly the 100-passenger Embraer E190. Once the trail program is complete, JetBlue will evaluate whether the training program could be a viable option for its Airbus fleet.

WORDS: 201

SOURCE: http://www.flyingmag.com/training/learn-fly/jetblue-test-ab-initio-training-program

VOCABULARY: competent, slated, rigorous, ground school, viable

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion, what are some of the advantages of this new training program?
  3. In your opinion, what are some of the disadvantages of this new training program?
  4. Do you think the required 1500 flying hours is adequate to start flying planes with passengers? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The new training program that JetBlue wants to use is for candidates with some prior experience. (T or F)
  2. A majority of the new pilot training will be centered around __________________.
  3. The future pilots in this program will not have to pay for the training out of their own pockets. (T or F)
  4. JetBlue is still waiting on the approval from the FAA to implement the program. (T or F)
  5. Which aircraft will the newly trained pilots operate?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • ad initio (title)
  • cost-effecting airplanes (P1)
  • under the current rules (P2)
  • trial program (P4)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.flyingmag.com/training/learn-fly/jetblue-test-ab-initio-training-program

New Flight Plan Format to Take Effect in January

[Jobs, Travel ★★★]

icao_flight_plan

(P1) The FAA is adopting the ICAO format for domestic flight plans starting sometime early next year, likely by the end of January. What this means is that you will need to provide additional information when filing flight plans, using the format previously used for international flights. Pilots are encouraged to use the ICAO format for all flights now to ensure a smooth transition once the domestic flight plan format is eliminated.

(P2) There are many similarities between the former domestic FAA flight plan format and ICAO. However, when it comes to aircraft equipment suffixes, there are some major differences. The ICAO format requires a wake turbulence category based on the aircraft. ICAO also has more specific coding for transponder equipment, which specifies ADS-B Out and In, for example, and avionics installations, which includes several additional codes for avionics capabilities such as LPV approaches. The more detailed codes can be included to provide more information for ATC, but they are not required. The ICAO format also includes codes for emergency equipment, which will be helpful in search and rescue situations.

(P3) Another major difference with the new flight plan form is the format for the departure or destination airport if the airport identifier is not in the standard four-letter format. If one of your planned airports does not have a four-letter code, you need to enter ZZZZ in the departure or destination section of ICAO form and specify the identifier in Field 18 of the form.

(p4) The switch was originally set to take effect in October of last year, but aviation advocate groups convinced the FAA to delay the transition. In addition to providing pilots and flight plan provider services more time to get used to the format, the training course required for the SFAR area in Washington, D.C., needed to be revised based on the new ICAO format.

WORDS: 306

SOURCE: http://www.flyingmag.com/new-flight-plan-format-to-take-effect-in-january

VOCABULARY: adopting, aircraft equipment suffixes, wake turbulence, avionics, switch, advocate

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion, do you think this change will have a positive or negative effect on pilots? Why?
  3. In your opinion, do the aircraft equipment suffixes make a pilot’s job easier? Why or why not?
  4. Do you agree or disagree with the FAA adopting ICAO format for domestic flights? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. When will the FAA make the change to the ICAO format for domestic flights?
  2. According to the article, pilots are currently influenced to use the ICAO format during domestic flights. (T or F)
  3.  The ICAO format will assist in ___________ and ____________ operations.
  4. If an airport doesn’t have a 4-letter identifier under the new flight plan, what code must be entered?
  5. In the beginning, this change was suppose to take effect in _______________.

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • likely by the end of January (P1)
  • smooth transition (P1)
  • major differences (P2)
  • search and rescue situations (P2)
  • set to take effect (P4)
  • used to (P4)

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Image source: YouTube/Flight Service 1800wxbrief http://www.flyingmag.com/new-flight-plan-format-to-take-effect-in-january