What 3 Things Can I Do to Extend the Length of My Life?

Direction: After a short greeting, read the following article out loud with your tutor. Go over highlighted vocab/expression to make sure you understand everything. 

[Health ★★★★] What 3 Things Can I Do to Extend the Length of My Life?

 

(P1) Somewhere out there is a bunch of people who are going to live to be 100. In the U.S. alone, there were more than 77,000 centenarians in 2014. Still, that number is very small: centenarians represent less than a quarter of 1% of the entire U.S. population.

(P2) So how do you get to be one of them? You could invent a time machine, start your life over and do everything they did, or try to find a way to borrow their genes. Failing that, here are three things that longevity researchers recommend you start–and keep–doing.

STAY CURIOUS.
(P3) Once you’ve got a few years on you, it’s easy to think you’ve heard it all. But the idea that the world has nothing to teach you makes you stop asking questions–and that has consequences. “There is evidence that curiosity has longevity benefits,” says Laura L. Carstensen, a professor of psychology and public policy at Stanford University and the director of the Stanford Longevity Center. “Asking questions and discovering new things keeps you engaged with the world and with other people.”

(P4) Learning something new can be a form of problem solving: digging into an article about something unusual or asking a family member about her obscure doctoral thesis (and actually listening to the answer) requires you to exercise cognitive muscles that may have gone slack.

EAT WAY MORE PLANTS THAN YOU THINK YOU NEED TO.
(P5) The link between diet and well-being is something we learn early in life–and then forget over and over again until we die. That may be why so many people have diet-related diseases. In the U.S., nearly 28 million people have Type 2 diabetes, 86 million adults are prediabetic, roughly 1 in 3 adults suffers from high blood pressure, and a stunning 69% of adults are overweight.

(P6) So if there’s one thing worth drilling into your mind, it’s this: the healthiest diet is the one in which you eat a lot of plants. The celebrated Mediterranean diet is celebrated for a reason, with study after study showing that its focus on fruits, vegetables, nuts and olive oil is linked to a longer life.

(P7) A 2015 study of 450,000 European adults found those who ate a diet that was 70% plant-based–fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains and beans–had a 20% lower risk of dying of cardiovascular disease than other people. A Harvard University study found that people who ate eight or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day were 30% less likely to have a heart attack or stroke than people who ate less from the plant group.

(P8) Multiple studies on both laboratory animals and humans have shown that caloric restriction–following a diet whose calories are roughly 25% below the recommended adult daily calorie intake–can have life-extending benefits. That’s not the way most people would want to live, but replacing meats with fruits and vegetables can go a long way toward slashing calories in a more satisfying way.

RETHINK WHAT IT MEANS TO BE OLD.
(P8) It’s hard to feel positive about a stage of life when you spend every year leading up to it assuming that it’s going to be grim. That, of course, is a great way to ensure that grim is precisely what it becomes–but the inverse is also true. “Our research has shown that when more-positive beliefs about older individuals are held earlier in life, they can lead to health advantages,” says Becca Levy, an associate professor of epidemiology and psychology at the Yale School of Public Health. That, in turn, can mean a remarkable 7.5-year boost in life span compared with people who have negative beliefs about age.

(P9) That means remaining mindful of the contributions that older people make to others–and making those contributions yourself. There’s no reason to accept that seniors are all addled and frail just because so many TV shows depict them that way.

(P10) Mortality is nonnegotiable, which is probably what makes it seem so terrible. But the number of years you get–not to mention the way you spend them–can in many ways be up to you.

WORDS: 685

SOURCE: http://time.com/4673032/how-to-extend-the-length-of-my-life/

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What are some things that the article suggest you do to extend the length of your life? How much of the suggestions are you currently doing?
  3. Can you picture yourself when you are in your 80’s? What would have changed from now? What kind of individual do you imagine yourself to be?
  4. Describe someone that you know that had a very long, happy life. How were they living their lives differently? What can we learn from them? Share your thoughts with your Cambly tutor!

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Week123

[Environment ★] Car Ban in Madrid

[World News ★] Scissors Inside Man

[Thoughts ★★] Zombies would wipe out humans in 100 days

[Technology & Environment ★★] Swedish Taxi-pod

[Geography ★★] The Hudson Bay – Canada’s Icebox

[Places ★★★] Queen Says ‘Friendly’ Ghosts Haunt This Palace

[Sports ★★★] Cyclist Born in 1911 Sets World Record

[Lifestyle ★★★] New Year’s Resolutions

[Health ★★★★] Is Spirulina a Miracle Cure-all?

[Literature ★★★★] Delhi’s Jamia Millia teaching Bob Dylan’s songs as literature long before Nobel recognition

Car Ban in Madrid

[Environment ★]

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(P1) There is too much pollution in Madrid. That is why there is a ban on some cars now. These cars cannot go into Madrid on some days. The plan is to end the ban when the level of pollution is down.

(P2) Madrid is too warm now. This is unusual for this time of the year. That is why the level of pollution is high. It is above European Union pollution limits.

(P3) The speed limits on Madrid´s roads are also lower to reduce pollution. Madrid has almost 4 million cars plus almost 1 million trucks.

WORDS: 93

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/car-ban-in-madrid-level-1/

VOCABULARY: pollution, ban, level, limits, speed, reduce, trucks

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Is there pollution in your country? If yes, what kind?
  3. Do lots of people drive cars in your country?
  4. What are the speed limits in your country?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Madrid has a lot of _____________.
  2. When will the ban end?
  3. It is not warm in Madrid nowadays. (T or F)
  4. Cars and trucks have to drive slower or faster?
  5. How many trucks are in Madrid?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • is down (P1)
  • too warm now (P2)
  • this time of the year (P2)
  • speed limits

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Image source: By Zakysant at the German Wikipedia – Uploaded by its author to the German Wikipedia as Air-pollution.JPG – Derivative works of this file: Air-PollutionEchappementTruck.JPG

Scissors Inside Man

[World News ★]

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(P1) This news is about a man. He is from Vietnam. He has a traffic accident. He goes to the hospital. Doctors operate on him.

(P2) He leaves the hospital. He is not OK. He is in pain.

(P3) Doctors take an X-ray of his belly. There are scissors inside him! The doctors left the scissors inside him 18 years ago!

(P4) The scissors must come out. The man goes to the same hospital. Doctors take out the scissors. Now the man is OK.

WORDS: 80

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/scissors-inside-man-level-1/

VOCABULARY: accident, operate, pain, x-ray, scissors

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever had an x-ray? If yes, on what part of your body?
  3. Have you ever had surgery? If yes, what for?
  4. Have you ever been in a car accident? If yes, were you injured?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Where is the man from?
  2. When the man leaves the hospital, he is in ________.
  3. The x-ray was taken of his chest. (T or F)
  4. What was inside his belly?
  5. The man went to two different hospitals. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • goes to the hospital (P1)
  • leaves the hospital (P2)
  • inside him (P3)
  • doctors take out the scissors (P4)

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Image source: By U.S. Navy photo by Lt. Arwen Chisholm – This Image was released by the United States Navy with the ID 080622-N-0827C-031

Zombies would wipe out humans in 100 days

[Thoughts ★★]

zombies

Image source: by “unknown” http://www.ripzombie.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/zombies.jpg

(P1) Zombies are only in horror movies. Or are they? An article in a university physics journal predicts that zombies could kill most of us in 100 days. Students said there would only be 273 survivors of a zombie apocalypse. The students pretended zombies were a deadly virus. The virus infected someone. The person had a 90 percent chance of giving the virus to another person. That person spread the virus around the world.

(P2) A professor explained why students wrote about zombies. He said: “We ask students to write short papers for the ‘Journal of Physics Special Topics’. It lets the students show off their creative side and use some of the physics they know.” It also gives students writing practice. The professor added that it tested how students use their understanding of physics in imaginary situations. This could help us in the future to prepare for disasters.

WORDS: 147

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1701/170110-zombies-1.html

VOCABULARY: wipe out (title), survivors, pretended, infected, imaginary, disasters

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like TV shows and movies about zombies? Why or why not?
  3. What types of disasters occur in your country?
  4. What types (genres) of movies do you like? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How long would it take them to wipe out most humans?
  2. How many people would still be alive?
  3. Who explained the reason why the students wrote about zombies?
  4. Students wee able to practice their English ____________.
  5. What else could this writing assignment help with in the future?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • could kill most of us (P1)
  • that person spread the virus around (P1)
  • creative side (P2)
  • write short papers (P2)
  • prepare for disasters (P2)

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Swedish Taxi-pod

[Technology & Environment ★★]

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(P1) Students in Goteborg, Sweden, need to travel in the busy city center. But now they do not need to take a bus or a taxi. They can use a Taxi-pod, a little yellow battery-powered car with three wheels.

(P2) The company, Burst, wants to solve the problem with traffic in big cities. It would like to offer a perfect service for short trips in the city.

(P3) People on buses usually travel a long way. They are not in a hurry and they do not need to get to their final point. For lots of people, it is very important to travel quicker.

(P4) This service is not only about speed. The makers of these cars also want to improve air quality. They also want to solve traffic jam problems.

(P5) One of the passengers thinks that the Taxi-pods are good for cleaner air, cheap, easy to use in the city, and fun.

WORDS: 150

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/swedish-taxi-pod-level-1/

VOCABULARY: wheels, offer, trips, makers, improve

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think taxi-pods are a good idea? Why or why not?
  3. How do you move around in a busy city?
  4. Would you buy a taxi-pod if they were available in your city? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

  1. The Taxi-pod moves on __________ wheels.
  2. Burst is the name of a ____________.
  3. A lot of people want to travel quickly. (T or F)
  4. The Taxi-pod is a service that’s not only concerned about faster transportation. (T or F)
  5. What 4 things did a user of the Taxi-pod say about the transportation?

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • battery-powered (P1)
  • solve the problem (P2)
  • a long way (P3)
  • their final point (P3)

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Image source: By Jongleur100 Own work – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coco_taxis.JPG

The Hudson Bay – Canada’s Icebox

[Geography ★★]

hudson-bay

(P1) The Hudson Bay is a large body of water in the northeastern part of Canada. It has an area of about 1.2 million square kilometers and is connected to the Atlantic Ocean. The Hudson Bay is very shallow. Although it is a part of the open sea, the salt level of The Hudson Bay is low because many rivers bring fresh water into the bay. While the eastern coastline is rocky with many islands, the western coast is low and swampy.

(P2) Canada’s greatest body of water lies in the middle of the Canadian tundra. The Hudson Bay is, geologically, the center of the Canadian Shield, an area of Canada that consists of old rock formations.  The weight of the ice during the last Ice Age lowered the surface of the land. After the ice had melted, water filled the bay.

WORDS: 140

SOURCE: http://www.english-online.at/geography/hudson-bay/hudson-bay.htm

VOCABULARY: icebox, shallow, rocky, swampy, tundra, formations, melted

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are there any big bodies of water in your country? If yes, describe one.
  3. Are there rock formations in your country? If yes, describe one.
  4. What are some large bodies of water in the world?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. In what part of Canada is the Hudson Bay located?
  2. The Atlantic Ocean and the Hudson Bay are joined together. (T or F)
  3. The western part of the Hudson Bay is ___________ and __________.
  4. What is the Canadian Shield?
  5. The water in the Hudson Bay originally came from what?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • northeastern part of Canada (P1)
  • connected to the Atlantic Ocean (P1)
  • eastern coastline (P1)
  • the weight of the ice (P2)
  • filled the bay (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.english-online.at/geography/hudson-bay/hudson-bay.htm

Queen Says ‘Friendly’ Ghosts Haunt This Palace

[Places & Travel ★★★]

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(P1) The home of the Swedish royal family is apparently “spook central”. But Queen Silvia says not to worry, the “small friends … ghosts” that haunt the 17th-century halls of Drottningholm Palace mean no harm and don’t scare her, reports the AFP. “They’re all very friendly but you sometimes feel that you’re not completely alone,” the 73-year-old queen says in a new documentary by the country’s public TV network SVT. Located on Lovön Island off Stockholm, Drottningholm is the principal home of Queen Silvia, Sweden’s longest-serving queen, and King Carl XVI Gustaf, her husband of 40 years. Its UNESCO World Heritage listing describes it as “the finest example of an 18th-century north European royal residence inspired by the Palace of Versailles.”

(P2) While the queen doesn’t get into specifics about individual spirits, Time cites a 2010 Swedish article that references a “gray man” and a “white lady” said to roam there. As for backup, the king’s sister, Princess Christina, agrees the castle is indeed a phantom favorite. “There is much energy in this house. It would be strange if it didn’t take the form of guises,” she tells the filmmakers. The Local reports that those who want to seek out the paranormal guests can indeed do so: Only the southern wing is off-limits to the public.

WORDS: 213

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/236363/queen-says-friendly-ghosts-haunt-this-palace.html

VOCABULARY: spook, halls, spirits, phantom, guises, seek out, paranormal

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you believe that ghosts actually exist? Why or why not?
  3. Would you like to stay for a weekend in this palace? Why or why not?
  4. Are you frightened of anything? If so, what and why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What roams the corridors of the palace?
  2. Where is the royal palace situated in Switzerland?
  3. The architecture of Drottningholm Palace was in influenced by _______________.
  4. According to a writing in 2010, supposedly a ____________ and a ___________ wander in the palace.
  5. Which part of the royal palace is closed to visitors?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • is apparently spook central (P1)
  • Located on Lovön Island off Stockholm, Drottningholm (P1)
  • said to roam there (P2)
  • off-limits (P2)

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Image source: by AYImages/Getty Images http://www.newser.com/story/236363/queen-says-friendly-ghosts-haunt-this-palace.html

Cyclist Born in 1911 Sets World Record

[Sports ★★★]

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(P1) A French cyclist has set a new record for riding 14 miles in one hour. If that doesn’t sound so remarkable, the world record is 33.8 miles, consider the category in which Robert Marchand was competing: over 105. The retired firefighter did it the first time riding in under one hour in the over-100 category in 2012, then topped it two years later at age 102, the Guardian reports. He also holds the 100-plus record for fastest 100km (4 hours, 17 minutes). He turned 105 a few months ago and competed Wednesday in the new category created just for him. Marchand circled the Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines velodrome near Paris 92 times with a crowd cheering him on.

(P2) Afterward, he was modest about his feat, telling BFMTV via the BBC that he “could have done better” but missed a sign telling him he had 10 minutes to go. He adds, “My legs didn’t hurt … My arms hurt, but that’s because of rheumatism.” Marchand, who cycles daily and once biked from Paris to Moscow, tells the AP he’s “now waiting for a rival.” Chips in his physiologist: “He could have been faster but he made a big mistake. He has stopped eating meat over the past month after being shocked by recent reports on how animals are subjected to cruel treatment.”

WORDS: 218

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/236417/at-105-cyclist-sets-new-record.html

VOCABULARY: remarkable, velodrome, modest, feat, rheumatism, rival, chips in

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion, why do you think the cyclist was able to set a new record in cycling?
  3. If you were over 100 years old, do you think you could accomplish the same thing Mr. Marchand did? Why or why not?
  4. Do you think the elderly should be encouraged to exercise more? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. When Mr. Marchand was working, he used to be a ______________.
  2. How many times did the cyclist go around the bicycle track in France?
  3. What disease affects Mr. Marchand?
  4. In the past, Mr. Marchland cycled from __________ to ____________.
  5. Why did Mr. Marchand quit eating meat?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • the first time riding in under one hour (P1)
  • then topped it two years later (P1)
  • cheering him on (P1)
  • subjected to cruel treatment (P2)

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Image source: by AP Photo/Thibault Camus http://www.newser.com/story/236417/at-105-cyclist-sets-new-record.html

New Year’s Resolutions

[Lifestyle ★★★]

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(P1) Many people make resolutions during the New Year. A resolution is a firm decision to do something. The most popular New Year’s resolutions are losing weight, saving money, getting fit, and to stop smoking. About 45% of Americans make one or more resolution every year. However, only 8% of people actually attain their goal.

(P2) There are several ways to help your chances of achieving your resolution. The first way is to be realistic. Setting small goals is much better than trying to make big life changes. 35% of New Year’s resolutions fail because of this. If you were planning to get in shape, for example, you will have a better chance if you start with a little exercise each day. People who try to run 5 kilometers each morning from January 1st will likely give up soon.

(P3) Another tip is to plan out how to achieve your resolution. If you want to lose weight, for example, decide what kind of food you will stop eating and how often you will exercise. Making a detailed list will help you. Once you have made your plan, stick to it! It is important to always adhere to your plan.

(P4) Another way to make sure your resolution succeeds is to track your progress. If your plan is to lose weight, write down how much weight you lose each week. Make a chart of your weight loss and put it somewhere you can see it. This will help you to keep making an effort. Almost 33% of people who fail their New Year’s Resolutions do so because they didn’t track their progress.

WORDS: 266

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/new-years-resolutions/

VOCABULARY: attain, chances, realistic, adhere to, progress

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do people make New Year’s resolutions in your country? If yes, what are some common ones?
  3. Why do you think a high percentage of people break their New Year’s resolution?
  4. If you would make a New Year’s resolution, what would it be? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. According to the article, what percentage of individuals achieve their resolution?
  2. The number one means to achieve your resolution is being __________.
  3. Once you have a plan for your resolution, you need to ____________ to it.
  4. When using a visual aid to track your weight loss, you should keep it in your sight. (T or F)
  5. What’s the failure rate of people who don’t monitor their work in progress?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • a firm decision (P1)
  • setting small goals (P2)
  • big life changes (P2)
  • stick to it (P3)
  • track their progress (P4)

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Image source: by Ahmet Gur http://megapixelstock.com/singel_photo/5643e3a76952d