Week85

[Culture ★] Islamophobia in England

[Animals ★] Lion is shot in Kenya

[Business ★★] McDonald’s restaurant to offer all-you-can-eat fries

[Entertainment ★★] Amusement Parks

[Sports ★★] Skydiving – An Extreme Sport

[Animals ★★] Dog café in LA

[Cinema ★★★] Jungle Book Scores a Wild Win

[World News ★★★] The Czech Republic Wants to Go by Another Name

[Medical ★★★] High Blood Pressure – A Silent Killer

[Business ★★★] Coke Shakes Things Up in Face of Declining Sales

Islamophobia in England

[Culture ★]

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(P1) A Muslim woman is in a shop. The shop is in London. A person abuses her because she is wearing a veil. She films the situation. Many people watch the video on the Internet. The police are looking for her abuser.

(P2) The woman says that people often abuse her. She says that it is because of the media. The media shows Islam in only a bad way. She says that people should not get their information only from the media. She says that Muslims are normal people.

WORDS: 87

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/islamophobia-in-england-level-1/

VOCABULARY: phobia, abuses, veil, situation, media, should

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do some people have a phobia of Muslims?
  3. In your opinion, does the media make situations worse?
  4. Do you have any phobias? If so, what do you fear?
  5. Do you use social media apps? If so, which ones do you use?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Islamaphobia (Title)
  • Films the situation (P1)
  • Bad way (P2)

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Image Source: By Burqa_England2.jpg: Fabbioderivative work: SVTCobra (talk) – Burqa_England2.jpg, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7102509

Jungle Book Scores a Wild Win

[Cinema ★★★]

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(P1) ‘Flat-out stunner‘ as movie soars to No. 2 April open with $103.6M

(P2) Jungle Book ripped through the weekend box office like it was raised by a pack of wolves, taking in $103.6 million that USA Today notes “surpassed even wild expectations.” The CGI film is playing well, with a 95% rating on Rotten Tomatoes and an A on CinemaScore, and now the second-highest April opening ever. Still, “This is a flat-out stunner. No one expected that The Jungle Book would make this much, the projections just continued to build throughout the weekend,” a comScore analyst says. “And this wasn’t just playing for kids and families. It played to audiences across-the-board like an action-adventure.” Barbershop: The Next Cut opened at No. 2 with $20.2 million while Melissa McCarthy’s The Boss slipped to No. 3 with $10.2 million. Batman v. Superman rang up $9 million.

WORDS: 143

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/223715/jungle-book-scores-a-wild-win.html

VOCABULARY: flat-out stunner, ripped, surpassed, expectations, rating, projections, slipped

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like animated or 3D movies? Why or why not?
  3. Will you go see the movie? Why or why not?
  4. What movie genres do you like? Why?
  5. Do you like to go to the cinema or watch movies at home? Why?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Like it was raised by a pack of wolves (P2)
  • April opening ever (P2)
  • Across-the-board (P2)
  • Next Cut (P2)

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Image source: by Disney via AP http://www.newser.com/story/223715/jungle-book-scores-a-wild-win.html

The Czech Republic Wants to Go by Another Name

[World News ★★★]

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(P1) The Czech Republic, possibly taking its cue from how its neighbors aren’t known as the Austrian Republic or the Slovak Republic, wants to change the name it’s known by internationally. President Milos Zeman and other officials announced this week that they plan to ask the United Nations to update the name to “Czechia” instead of the longer name it has been known by since Czechoslovakia split up in 1993, the Guardian reports. The country, which hopes to use the new name in the Olympics this summer, already uses “Czech” on export beer labels and its international hockey team’s uniforms, but because Czech is an adjective, it’s like referring to France as “French,” the BBC notes.

(P2) Other rejected names include “Czechlands” and “Bohemia,” reports the New York Times. The Go Czechia website makes the case for the new name by listing 16 myths, explaining that the name was used as early as 1634. It says that while the name “might sound strange to some people the first time they hear it,” so do names like Massachusetts and Utah. But the name has its critics, including Czech sculptor David Cerny, who complains that “Czechia is neither sexy nor rock ‘n’ roll,” and regional development minister Karla Slechtova, who warns that it might lead to people confusing the country with Chechnya. (The Spanish town “Kill Jews” has also decided to change its name.)

WORDS: 230

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/223622/czech-republic-adopts-catchier-name.html

VOCABULARY: cue, officials, uniforms, referring, rejected, myths, critics, sculptor

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think The Czech Republic should change their name? Why or why not?
  3. Do you like the name Czechia? Why or why not?
  4. Have you ever been to The Czech Republic? If yes, describe your time there. If no, do you want to go?
  5. Do you like the name of your country? Why or why not?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Split up (P1)
  • Makes the case (P2)
  • Neither sexy nor rock ‘n’ roll (P2)

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Image source: by AP Photo/Petr David Josek http://www.newser.com/story/223622/czech-republic-adopts-catchier-name.html

McDonald’s restaurant to offer all-you-can-eat fries

[Business ★★]

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(P1) A McDonald’s restaurant will soon offer all-you-can-eat French fries. It will open in July. McDonald’s called it the restaurant “of the future” because of many new features. The new location will have armchairs and a large play space for children. Customers will also be able to order food from the waiting staff and choose their own fillings. The restaurant owner said: “There are hundreds of different choices to build the burger of your dreams.”

(P2) There have been many recent changes at McDonald’s. The new boss has tried many things to make more profit. Some of these include an all-day breakfast menu and touch-screen ordering. People have different views about the all-you-can-eat fries. Health campaigners say it will create more obesity. They say McDonald’s should have healthier food. One customer said endless fries are a great idea. She wants to go to McDonald’s more often.

WORDS: 143

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1604/160419-all-you-can-eat-fries-1.html

VOCABULARY: features, armchairs, fillings, profit, campaigners, obesity, endless

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you order all-you-can-eat French Fries? Why or why not?
  3. In your opinion, is McDonald’s making a good decision by offering all-you-can-eat French Fries? Why?
  4. Which fast food restaurants do you eat at? Why?
  5. Should fast food restaurants offer healthier choices? Why or why not?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • All-you-can-eat (P1)
  • The waiting staff (P1)
  • All-day breakfast (P2)
  • Touchscreen ordering (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/a0/51/73/a05173227f5d5911ceb628d227e3661e.jpg

Amusement Parks

[Entertainment ★★]

sleeping-beauty-castle-at-disneyland

(P1) An amusement park is an outdoor area with games, rides, and shows. They are spread over a large area, often many square kilometers. Young and old visitors can enjoy many types of attractions. They can ride on roller coasters, go high up in the air on a Ferris wheel or ride on carousels. Amusement parks also offer restaurants and bars to eat and drink, as well as green areas with grass to sit down or relax.

(P2) Most amusement parks have a fixed location. Some of them are open all year round, others only during the warmer season. Today amusement parks have been replaced by theme parks. These places focus on a certain topic of history or natural life. The first theme park, Disneyland, opened in California in 1955.

WORDS: 128

SOURCE: http://www.english-online.at/entertainment/amusement-park/amusement-parks.htm

VOCABULARY: spread, attractions, roller coasters, Ferris wheel, carousels, fixed, certain

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like to go to amusement parks? Why or why not?
  3. If you like to go to amusement parks, which rides do you like? Why?
  4. Have you ever been to Disney World in the USA? If so, tell me about your experience. If not, would you like to go?
  5. Do you plan on going to an amusement park this year? If so, where and when?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Green areas (P1)
  • All year round (P2)
  • Natural life (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://fr.academic.ru/pictures/frwiki/83/Sleepingbeautycastle50.jpg

Skydiving – An Extreme Sport

[Sports ★★]

skydive-ohio

(P1) Skydiving, also called parachuting, is a sport in which athletes jump out of an airplane at a certain altitude and perform acrobatic movements in free fall. Then they open their parachutes to slow down and return safely to Earth. Skydiving is considered to be an extreme sport, which takes a lot of courage but also gives you an adrenaline kick.

(P2) Skydiving is a sport that is not as young as it may seem.  At the end of the 18th century, a Frenchman, Andre Garnerin, jumped from a hot air balloon and was thought to be the first real parachutist.

(P3) Later on, skydiving became important for the army and air force. Pilots could jump out of a plane and land on earth safely if something went wrong. In wars, soldiers were dropped off in war zones, often behind enemy lines. Skydivers are also used when it comes to fighting off disasters like bushfires.

WORDS: 153

SOURCE: http://www.english-online.at/sports/skydiving/skydiving-an-extreme-sport.html

VOCABULARY: altitude, acrobatic, free fall, extreme sport, courage, adrenaline, hot air balloon, war zones

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like to go skydiving? Why or why not?
  3. Are there other extreme sports you like (I.E. bungee jumping)?
  4. Have you ever been in a hot air balloon? If yes, describe what it was like. If no, would you like to?
  5. Why do people like extreme sports?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Adrenaline kick (P1)
  • Not as young as it seems (P2)
  • Enemy lines (P3)
  • Fighting off (P3)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://az616578.vo.msecnd.net/files/2016/10/10/636117217932244337-1586476267_skydive-ohio.jpg

Dog café in LA

[Animals ★★]

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People in Los Angeles, California, can have a cup of coffee and play with dogs at the same time at a dog café. Every single one of the dogs has been rescued from shelters. Now they are being rehabilitated by café owner Sarah Wolfgang and her staff.

The owner wants to decrease the number of dogs that are euthanized in Los Angeles shelters. She also hopes that there are going to be more cafés like this one, so more dogs will not die.

Many people like the idea, so the café can be quite expensive. To get one cup of coffee and 55 minutes with the dogs costs 10 dollars.

WORDS: 113

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/dog-cafe-in-la-level-2/

VOCABULARY: café, shelters, rehabilitated, decrease, euthanized, quite

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you consider rescuing a dog from a shelter? Why or why not?
  3. Which pets are popular in your country? Why do you think they are?
  4. Why do people have pets?
  5. Do you think the owner came up with a good idea to rescue dogs along with operating a café? Why or why not?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

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Image Source: By Akaporn Bhothisuwan from Los Angeles, USA – Flickr, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1773563

Coke Shakes Things Up in Face of Declining Sales

[Business ★★★]

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(P1) Diet Coke fans may soon be seeing red. That’s because, as BuzzFeed reports, Coca-Cola is redesigning its bottles and cans to make “Coca-Cola Red,” the color most associated with Original Coke, more prominent for Diet Coke, Coke Zero, and whatever Coke Life is. For example, the new Diet Coke can will feature a large red circle with only an accent of its traditional silver. According to the AP, the “One Brand” strategy has been tested in Chile, Russia, and Spain and will officially debut this May in Mexico with additional country rollouts through 2017. However, Coca-Cola is still gauging customer response to the redesign in the US.

(P2) In years past, Coca-Cola has separated its flavors as much as possible in order to not “dilute the brand,” Business Insider reports. But with soda sales dropping—especially in the case of Diet Coke—that’s no longer the case. “We’re extending the strong brand equity of Coca-Cola across the trademark to … better promote our great-tasting diet and light portfolio,” BuzzFeed quotes Coke’s CEO as saying. Coca-Cola executives also claimed the redesign would give customers “more choice” while “making it even easier for consumers to choose their Coca-Cola.” It’s unclear how either of those statements is true, but as long as they aren’t pulling a New Coke with the formula again, everything will probably be fine.

WORDS: 223

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/223843/coke-shakes-things-up-in-face-of-declining-sales.html

VOCABULARY: redesigning, prominent, accent, debut, rollouts, equity, unclear, formula

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you drink Coca-Cola products? If so, which ones? If not, do you drink another brand?
  3. Do you like the new design of the cans? Why or why not?
  4. Should Coca-Cola stay with the current design? Why or why not?
  5. In your opinion, why are soft drinks so popular to drink?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

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Image source: The Coca-Cola Company via AP http://www.newser.com/story/223843/coke-shakes-things-up-in-face-of-declining-sales.html